1.Argument from Authority
2.Argument from Anecdote
3.Argument by Appeal to Emotion
4.Argument from the Alternative
5.Argument by Ad hominem
6.Argument from Antiquity
7.Argument by Analogy
Excellent. Seven really feels much better than five.
Recently, via the intellectually rewarding timewasting site of StumbleUpon, I was presented with the following article in a similar vein from 2003:
It is a very useful guide for weeding out the Steorns of this world, and other paradigmatic-shifting salesmen.
R.L. Park is swift to point out that :
they are only warning signs -- even a claim with several of the signs could be legitimate.
but it's fair to say that the following seven signs are hallmarks of the conmen.
The full article is here, with a synopsis below:
1. The discoverer pitches the claim directly to the media.
2. The discoverer says that a powerful establishment is trying to suppress his or her work
3. The scientific effect involved is always at the very limit of detection
4. Evidence for a discovery is anecdotal
5. The discoverer says a belief is credible because it has endured for centuries
6. The discoverer has worked in isolation
7. The discoverer must propose new laws of nature to explain an observation
Spotting voodoo science is a skill that every citizen should develop - Robert L. Park